The Three ‘ed’s’

Prononciation
The Three ‘ed’s’
Past simple - Regular verbs

Past Simple – Regular verbs. We all need a past. Without it we can’t talk about our life experiences or tell a story. Understanding where you are in time, in any language, is important.

Here I want to talk about the pronunciation of ‘past simple regular verbs’.

Understanding where you are in time, in any language, is important.

There is more than one 'ed'

Have you ever thought about how to pronounce theed sounds in English? Do you know how many ed sounds there are?
There are infact 3ed sounds. The ‘3-eds‘. Understanding and using the different ed sounds is an important step to mastering the ‘past simple’. In this article I’ve created a simple exercise to help you practice and improve your oral abilities. First of all, please click on the words to hear the sounds.

Grammar point: I will discuss the grammar rules in a future post.

Now it's your turn

Below, I’ve added a list of common ‘Past simple’ regular verbs. Which ‘ed’ sound would you use? How would you pronounce them? 

Here are the rules:

  1. Say the word in its infinitive form,
  2. Say the word again in its ‘Past simple’ form.  – Add the / t / , / d / , / ɪd / to the end of the word. Can you guess the correct ‘ed’ sound?
  3. Click on the word to hear the pronunciation. Were you correct?

An additional challenge

Word stress

Can you repeat the rhythm?

As an addiitional exercise can you say the ‘past simple’ form of the verb with the correct ‘word stress’ (accentuation)? For example: ‘accepted’ has 3 syllables : ac – cep – ted. My voice stresses the ‘cep‘.

I have shown the first 4 words with the correct ‘word stress’. Listen carefully and try and repeat the same rhythm. Can you say word with the correct stress pattern?

accept

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
accepted

add

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
added

advertise

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
advertised
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

advise

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
advised
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

afford

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
afforded

authorize

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
authorized
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

approve

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
approved
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

avoid

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
avoided

bill

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
billed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

borrow

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
borrowed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

budget

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
budgeted

calculate

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
calculated

call

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
called
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

cancel

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
cancelled
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

change

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
changed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

complain

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
complained
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

confirm

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
confirmed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

check

/ t /
checked
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

count

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
counted

consider

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
considered
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

convince

/ t /
convinced
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

complete

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
completed

deliver

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
delivered
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

decide

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
decided

decrease

/ t /
decreased
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

develop

/ t /
developed
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

dispatch

/ t /
dispatched
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

drop

/ t /
dropped
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

distribute

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
distributed

divide

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
divided

establish

/ t /
established
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

employ

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
employed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

encourage

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
encouraged
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

estimate

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
estimated

exchange

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
exchanged
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

extend

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
extended

guarantee

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
guaranteed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

fix

/ t /
fixed
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

fund

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
funded

improve

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
improved
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

inform

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
informed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

increase

/ t /
increased
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

install

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
installed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

interest

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
interested

invest

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
invested

invoice

/ t /
invoiced
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

lengthen

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
lengthened
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

limit

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
limited

lower

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
lowered
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

maintain

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
maintained
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

manage

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
managed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

mention

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
mentioned
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

message

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
messaged
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

obtain

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
obtained
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

offer

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
offered
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

order

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
ordered
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

organise

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
organised
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

owe

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
owed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

pack

/ t /
packed
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

participate

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
participated

plan

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
planned
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

process

/ t /
processed
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

produce

/ t /
produced
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

provide

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
provided

prevent

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
prevented

promise

/ t /
promised
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

purchase

/ t /
puchased
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

recruit

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
recruited

reach

/ t /
reached
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

receive

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
received
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

reduce

/ t /
reduced
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

refund

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
refunded

refuse

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
refused
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

reject

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
rejected

remind

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
reminded

remove

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
removed
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

reply

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
replied
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

report

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
reported

resign

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
resigned
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

respond

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
responded

result

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
resulted

return

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
returned
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

schedule

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
scheduled
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

separate

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
separated

share

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
shared
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

succeed

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
succeeded

suggest

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
suggested

supply

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
supplied
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

target

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
No, sorry
/ ɪd /
targetted

vary

/ t /
No, sorry
/ d /
varied
/ ɪd /
No, sorry

I hope you enjoyed this exercise. Word stress is a difficult area for French speakers and can be a common cause of confusion during a conversation.

Use the words in a sentence

Can you use any of these verbs in a sentence? Think about a past experience. Something that happened yesterday, last week or last year. Create a sentence using the verbs listed above.

If you have a problem with a specific sound, or the pronunciation of a certain word, please add a comment and tell me, or contact me direct.

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